Climbers on the escarpment below Hadrian’s Wall, a former defensive fortification of the Roman province of Britannia.
The wall originally ran a total of 73 miles (117.5 kilometres) from Wallsend on the River Tyne in the east to Bowness-on-Solway in the west northern England. Built near the border with Scotland, it was probably planned before Hadrian’s visit to Britain in 122 AD, part of his wish to keep “intact the empire”.
On Hadrian’s accession to the throne in 117, there was unrest and rebellion in Roman Britain and from the peoples of various conquered lands across the Empire. And to cut a long story short, like all empires, the occupiers gradually retreated back to their homeland, and the wall was abandoned.
Much of the wall has now disappeared with long sections of it used for roadbuilding in the 18th century.Hadrian’s Wall was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and in 2005 it became part of the transnational “Frontiers of the Roman Empire” World Heritage Site.